Bitwarden Password Supervisor Flaw Let Attackers Thieve Credentials

ByKaty Wilson

Mar 14, 2023
Bitwarden Password Supervisor Flaw Let Attackers Thieve Credentials
Bitwarden Password Supervisor Flaw Let Attackers Thieve Credentials

The Flashpoint Vulnerability Analysis workforce seen that Bitwarden, a well known password supervisor browser extension, handled embedded iframes on internet pages in an abnormal manner. 

Insecure conduct in Bitwarden’s credentials autofill characteristic makes it imaginable for malicious iframes embedded on dependable web sites to make the most of customers’ credentials and cross them to an attacker.

The <iframe> HTML part defines a nested surfing surroundings, embedding any other HTML web page into the present one, in step with the Mozilla HTML documentation.

Bitwarden first changed into conscious about the problem in 2018 however made up our minds to enhance it with a view to enhance professional web sites that make use of iframes.

Auto-Fill Habits in Bitwarden

The Bitwarden extension can be offering to fill in the proper login fields when it acknowledges {that a} person is on a web page for which they’ve stored credentials. 

If the “Auto-fill on web page load” possibility is chosen, it’ll whole itself with out requiring person enter.

Finishing the login bureaucracy on each the professional web page and the exterior iframe

Interestingly, even if they’re from distinct domain names, the extensions additionally robotically auto-fill bureaucracy which are outlined in an embedded iframe.

“Whilst the embedded iframe does no longer have get entry to to any content material within the father or mother web page, it could possibly look ahead to enter to the login shape and ahead the entered credentials to a faraway server with out additional person interplay”, says Flashpoint.

Flashpoint checked out how steadily iframes are incorporated on login pages of high-traffic web sites and located that the danger used to be considerably decreased via the small choice of dangerous situations.

Certainly, Flashpoint additionally discovered a 2nd drawback whilst taking a look into the iframes factor: Bitwarden would additionally robotically fill login knowledge on subdomains of the bottom area matching a login.

If autofill is enabled, an attacker who hosts a phishing web page underneath a subdomain that corresponds to a login saved for a selected base area will be capable to download the credentials from the sufferer once they come on the web page.

“In case you have encountered your justifiable share of internet answers and content material suppliers, it turns into transparent that this poses an issue. Some content material website hosting suppliers permit website hosting arbitrary content material underneath a subdomain in their reliable area, which additionally serves their login web page”, Flashpoint explains.

“For example, must an organization have a login web page at https://logins.corporate.tld and make allowance customers to serve content material underneath https://<clientname>.corporate.tld, those customers are ready to thieve credentials from the Bitwarden extensions.”

Attainable Assault Strategies

  • An unhacked web page with the “Auto-fill on web page load” possibility grew to become on embeds an exterior iframe this is within the arms of an attacker.
  • The usage of a subdomain of, say, a website hosting corporate, which has its login shape underneath the similar base area, an attacker installs a specifically crafted internet web page.

Therefore, an attacker is imaginable to thieve the credentials stored for every area if a person the usage of a Bitwarden browser extension visits a specifically crafted web page housed in those internet services and products.

As in the past famous, no further person enter is wanted if the strategy to “Auto-fill on web page load” is activated. Additionally, when a person logs in by way of the context menu, bureaucracy which are embedded in iframes additionally get stuffed.

Bitwarden expressly mentions the potential of compromised websites using the autofill characteristic to thieve credentials in its documentation and emphasizes that the characteristic is a possible threat.

Then again as a result of customers should log in to services and products the usage of embedded iframes from exterior websites, Bitwarden’s engineers selected to handle the conduct and put a caution at the instrument’s documentation and the extension’s pertinent settings menu.

In reaction, Bitwarden said that they wouldn’t trade the capability of iframes however would promise to dam autofill at the reported website hosting surroundings in a long run liberate.

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